You are currently browsing the category archive for the ‘We the Media 4’ category.

Chapter 10 reminds every journalist to abide to the common law practice when posting information on the Internet. Although Internet provides much freedom reaching wider audience at different geographical zones, the legal consequences can still apply. Gillmor wants to convey the message to general readers not to ignore legal action that can be placed in reality.

Internet may seem as the medium to communicate any message one would normally take advantage of. Unfortunately, there is still boundary and limitation that one would need to know. When Google first intend to penetrate Internet market in China, it is facing uphill in many respects such as censorship on the content of search result. Similarly, one would need to know FCC is also involved in the content provided on the Internet.

Gillmor elaborates the true meaning and ideas for properly using Internet tools. In order to make one’s opinion or voice to be heard, people would still need to understand the concept of copyright. For example, music industry wants to prohibit unauthorized music sharing and download. Furthermore, people want to be aware of the any copyright material they may share and use from the Internet.

Dan Gillmor’s last chapters were very interesting and informative. In Chapter 10 were very useful and informative. In this chapter the reader learned certain terms like libel, malice, and defamation is vital to know, especially in media related jobs. In chapter 11 I  learned a lot of new things in this Chapter, for example what exactly cookies do and copyright related issues.

            Gillmor also goes into copyright laws and copyright works online. Internet is use so widely around the world and it is currently one of the most advance technologies in today’s time. It also is the most important and fastest medium. Since internet is the most advanced technology is has affected the Music industry by having the most significant lost of revenue in the music industry. Since people always find ways to illegally, share and download music.

             

Chapter 10 of Dan Gillmor’s book delved into the legal issues of content on the Internet. The problem with the Internet is that there are no clear cut lines of what is and is not acceptable. On one side of the argument people have the right to free speech, while on the other side of the argument people have the right to be protected from material that could harm then. This leads to many legal disputes. It basically seems as though it comes down the rights of one person versus the rights of another. Ultimately it seems up to the individual to decide what kind of information they want to expose themselves to. If they find a website offensive, they do not need to visit it. It is the same with any form of media. If you do not like something on the television or radio, turn the channel. If you do not like something in a newspaper, turn the page. Unfortunately, there is no possible way that an agreement will ever be reached on what should be allowed and not allowed on the Internet. What offends people varies so much from individual to individual. Geographical constraints also present problems of enforcing content on the Internet. All content on the web is accessible to anybody with a computer. There is no international Internet police to decide what is acceptable versus unacceptable. If the government in Australia does not like the content published on an American made website, does the Australian government have the right to take action? To me, this seems unfair. If one country says something is legal and another country says something is illegal, which one has the ultimate authority? Also, what is protected by free speech in one country may not be in another country. The option of zoning the web would deal with some geographical differences in opinion. However, it defeats the free flow of information that the Internet provides.

Chapter 11 goes into copyright laws and the legality of copyrighted works online. The Internet has led to a significant loss of revenue in the music industry. The illegal sharing and downloading of music can often be difficult to monitor. Even when protective software is set up, people will find away around it. However, in many ways, sharing music on the Internet can be positive for the music industry because it can increase the circulation and exposure of music. In many ways, copyright laws go too far. Corporations today are so concerned with profits that they want to be sure they make every possible penny that they can. Can this go too far? Absolutely. Gillmor discusses the possibility of all copyrighted material requiring a price to be used. If this was true, society would be at a serious loss. If authors were not able to quote other works without first paying, they would be unlikely to do so. Learning and the flow of information will be impeded.

In Chapter 12 of We the Media Gillmor concludes by emphasizing the importance of the Internet and comparing its significance to the invention of the printing press. I agree with his comparison. The Internet, like the printing press, gave people access to a plethora of information that they never knew existed. This new accessibility of information can only benefit society and make people more educated and informed.

Finishing this book, I can say that I really enjoyed it and would even consider going to buy it in hardcopy. I respect his opinion on copyright that he expresses in the final chapter. I found it interesting that he values what people might accomplish with his written words. I had never heard of “Creative Commons” but I find that it should be inspirational to other authors. This is a man who values the outspoken, opinionated people who are creative and passionate enough to be inspired by his writing and take it to another level. By stating that “all rights are not reserved” it allows the reader to take his message one step further. It also allows his message to get spread by numerous voices. For example, our class writes a blog post about his book once a week. I wonder if he reads any of it?

I also found Chapter 9 to be very interesting when he talked about how photoshop and other image/sound editing technology has changed the validity of everything. He states that “photos are evidence of nothing in particular.” I never thought about this. A picture has always been the most valid type of proof or evidence and it is strange to think that this concept has changed. This can be applied in any situation; the news, magazines, newspaper, TV, politics, etc. can we trust nothing?

I also agreed with his statements about staying anonymous online. He made some good arguments about why it is necessary such as private matters that could affect your personal life if people knew who you are; such as illnesses, sexual orientation, or political slant. On the other side he made a statement that I entirely agree with. If you are going to make an argument or statement of some meaning you will not have any credibility if you don’t state who you are. He quotes, “Credibility stems not just from smart argument, it also comes from a willingness to stand behind those arguments.” I couldn’t find this more true! I find it irritating when someone online is “trolling” just to be annoying yet they won’t state who they are. This causes many problems online. It allows people to cause problems without any consequences.

Overall I enjoyed the book and will most likely read it again.

While reading the last three chapters of We the Media, I was intrigued with chapter 11 and the example about China. In 2003, China blocked access to blogs and other news sources. China censored information from the Internet based on the source’s political ideology. China didn’t want their citizens to have free, unfettering access to other news sources. I would assume China doesn’t want its citizens to read or view anything that would reflect poorly on the country and its political leaders.

This led me to try a little Google experiment. First, I googled “Tiananmen Square massacre” in the U.S. version of Google. The Images page was filled with pictures of violence, blood, death and gore. Then, I googled the same exact phrase in the Chinese version of Google. This time, the Images page showed pictures of tanks, tourists at Tiananmen Square and there was one violent image (it must have squeaked through).

As an American university student, I take for granted the wealth of uncensored information that are at my fingertips. It seems unbelievable to me that my government would censor certain information because it reflects negatively on the United States. When I write President Bush is a dimwit, I’m not worried that the government would censor me or that I could be reprimanded for stating an opinion.

This week we were assigned to read the three final chapters ( Ch. 10, 11,12) in Dan Gillmor’s book ” We the Media”.

Chapter 10 adressed the legal issues that may arise from being a citizen journalist. This may not have been the most fun chapter to read, but it sure was an important one. Gillmor makes sure to tell the reader’s that although the net may a lot of times seem detached from reality and the laws that apply from reality, there are serious legal consequences one can face when comitting libel. It made sense to me that especially as a blogger one has to be extra careful because one does not have the corrections or adjustments an editor would provide. I was also very surprised to see the effects internet-malice can have, reading about the Nymox case. I was alarmed by the fact, that internet laws apply to whatever jurisdiction things get read or downloaded from. Something that may be legal here, might not be legal somewhere else and that could cause a lot of trouble.

Chapter 11 talked mainly about the freedom of the websphere. The internet is not as free anymore as it used to be and there is censorship to sites blocked by a government firewall as it is used in China. I learned a lot of new things in this Chapter, for example what exactly cookies do and copyright related issues. It is interesting to read how growing technology has affected copyright and I was stunned when I read the paragraph about Walt Disney and how today he could not have even drawn Mickey Mouse. I also did not know that the FCC was involved in internet related things.

Chpater 12 was basically a conclusion to all previous chapters before and once again reflected on the importance of citizen journalism and what it means to this world. Gillmor states that he is still a bit dissapointed that people have not fully recognized the tools the web can offer them, but he belives this will change with time. Gillmor also further elaborates on his views on copyright and presents a copyright concept of his own, he believes might be better and easier to deal with. Chapeter 12 clearly showed to me how passionate Gillmor is about this matter, he truly wants people to understand the importance of the web and let them know that their voice can be heard.

I found this book very impressive and actually enjoyed reading it.

The latest 3 chapters (10, 11, and 12) was very informative. Gillmor talks about the internet and how it’s used so widely around the world. It currently is one of the most advanced technologies that exists and is the current most important medium. Before this was the printing press. Think about it. Without these technological innovations, new jobs and companies wouldn’t exist. Blogs and new media wouldn’t be here. People won’t be able to ‘youtube’ when they’re bored. The laws having to deal with media in Chapter 10 were very useful and informative. Learning certain terms like libel, malice, and defamation is vital to know, especially in media related jobs. You wouldn’t want to be sued one day so it’s best to learn these terms now. In chapter 11, Gillmor talks about copyright and cookies. Cookies is an interesting topic and has its ups and downs. In conclusion, the book We the Media allowed me to better understand about the new changes in media that are with us today. If we don’t stay up to speed with the rapid changes in the world, we would be left clueless behind others. Keep blogging!

What amazed me most about this last part of the book was Dan Gillmor’s take on copyrite. It amazed me that he was writing, in essence, a full length novel and he was giving it away for free on the internet.(which i wish i would have known before buying it) This act strengthens all the points he has made about the internet through out his book because it shows how much he actually believes in them, even when it comes to his own personal finances. I am curious to know how many times it was downloaded and what that would have equated to in book sales.

This reminds me of when the band Radiohead gave away their most recent album on their web site. It was also available in stores, but the band had it for download on the internet. They told their fans to pay whatever they though it was worth. While i’m sure many fans paid nothing, i am equally sure that many die hard Radiohead fans were willing to give the band upwards of $15 for the album. Now while not everyone was paying, you also have to take into account because the band was releasing the album independently, almost all of the money paid for the albums went to them, and not to a record label.

The last three chapters of We the Media were an interesting read and I learned quite a few things.  Chapter ten talked about defamation and libel and the law, and how most bloggers work is punditry, which means that it involves linking to someone else’s work, and then commenting on it, so it is hard to libel it. The chapter also talked about how bloggers tend to write about public figures. The chapter stated “You can’t libel a public figure, even if the story is false, unless you publish it with what’s called “malice,” which in this instance means either the standard definition of the word or indifference to whether the story is true or not.”  Chapter eleven was about copyright and cookies.  I have always heard about cookies but never knew what it meant when applied to the internet.  Apparently cookies was created in the mid-1990s by Netscape. Cookies are “little files placed on users’ computers that allowed the owner of a web site to track where visitors went, and when.”  There is both a good and a bad side of cookies.  The good side is that without them some personalized pages like yahoo would not exist, the bad side is that it basically spies on your every move on the internet.  Chapter twelve sums up the whole book, overall reading We the Media, got me to understand more about the world of on-line journalism, and learn how the internet is shaping and changing it every day. 

We the Media 4

 

Recently, I finished Dan Gillmor’s book called “We the Media.” I really enjoyed reading this book because I learned numerous things about new media and especially the online medium. For this assignment we were asked to read the chapter 10, 11, and 12 in “We the Media.” Topics that really grabbed my attention in these chapters included discussions on misusing other people’s work, the freedom the internet has brought us, and why the internet has been the most important medium since the printing press.

 

I have to agree with Gillmor’s thoughts on how misusing other people’s work (cheating) is “harder to monitor [and that] cheating is rampant in our society” (paperback, pg. 200). It is frustrating that with the internet’s millions of users, come many individuals who plagiarize. However, journalists can take comfort in knowing that the “Net gives us a mechanism to catch the violators [with] search tools such as Google…and Turnitin software” (paperback, pg. 200).

 

Another topic Gillmor brings to his reader’s is that of freedom with the internet’s huge success. I loved how Gillmor states that “Cyber-liberty [extended] culture and information in powerful, even unprecedented, ways” (paperback, pg. 209). Personally, I feel as though the internet has given me an exceptional amount of cyber-liberty even if it is just through blogging or using an online social network such as Facebook.

 

Lastly, I found Gillmor’s explanation of why the internet has been the most important medium since the printing press to be fascinating. Simply put, Gillmor asserts that the internet “subsumes all that has come before and is, in the most fundamental way, transformative” (paperback, pg. 236). I find Gillmor’s use of words to explain how far the internet has come to be very true and valid.

 

I really enjoyed reading Dan Gillmor’s book. I hope I continue to learn new ways that new media impacts my life and my future!